When you are behind the wheel, you step on the brake pedal numerous times. However, some innovative technology, such as ABS and EBD, is required for the braking system to work efficiently without the wheels losing traction and skidding. The vehicle’s electronic brake-force distribution (EBD) system is a critical safety feature. Many car owners are not quite sure what it does or what it even is. The mechanisms that control this system are complicated and require serious care.
What is the Electronic Brake-Force Distribution?
The EBD, also known as electronic brake-force limitation (EBL), is a component of a vehicle’s anti-lock braking system and electronic stability control (ESC). It combines hydraulic and electronic components to distribute and regulate the braking pressure applied to the wheels in an emergency, resulting in highly responsive and safe braking. The EBD system’s primary goal is to prevent road collisions, which is why it’s classified as an active safety feature.
How Does the EBD System Operate?
To ensure that all wheels rotate at the same speed, the EBD system collects data from speed sensors. Inconsistencies in the data generated indicate that there is a problem, and any problem can cause the tires to skid. This is how the system allows you to take corrective action. It consists of three essential components:
- Speed Sensors. The car’s speed and RPM are calculated by the speed sensors. Both sets of data must be identical. If the figures are not the same, the car will skid. The sensors’ job is to determine the likelihood of losing control and send an alert to the EBD system.
- Electronic Control Unit. The sensors generate data about the speed of each wheel and relay it to the electronic control unit. The ECU, in turn, determines the slip ratio (the difference between the car speed and tire rotation). It then sends a signal to the brake force modulators to keep the balance within safe limits after calculating the slip ratio.
- Brake Force Modulators. Brake force modulators force brake fluid into the brake lines, causing the cylinders to activate and push the brake pads against the wheel. The EBD system controls the amount of force applied to each wheel.
To ensure that your vehicle’s EBD functions properly, the three components mentioned above work together and simultaneously. This allows you to get the braking response and performance you want to stay safe on the road.
Have you noticed any signs that your car’s brakes are failing? Please don’t hesitate to bring your vehicle to our auto repair shop today to have them checked out.
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No matter who you are, you will always need a reliable mechanic. Automobile Repair Shop San Diego has been providing high-quality auto repair in San Diego for many years. To learn more about how we can assist you with your auto maintenance, call (619) 330-0862 right away. We will help you get back on the road safely and quickly, without breaking the bank.